The onset and clinical course of anxiety disorders extremely varies depending upon the specific disorder. One of the most common existing anxiety disorders is obsessive compulsive behavior, better known as OCD. OCD involves obsessions that cause marked anxiety and/or compulsions that attempt to neutralize anxiety. If you are friend or an immediate family member of an individual with obsessive compulsive behavior, an OCD sufferer, or just checking out because of curiosity, this article may be useful for you. Read on to know more about the various available OCD treatments that will be helpful in increasing your awareness about the disorder.
Also known as cognitive techniques, this kind of treatment for obsessive compulsive behavior includes techniques for relaxation such as self-talk to relieve existing symptoms. Techniques help the person negotiate interpersonal situations and foster self assurance. Clinical studies reveal that over 60% of people benefit from this type of therapy.
This is considered as the first-line remedy for OCD especially for children. Considered to be highly effective, psychotherapy such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is proven to be successful in hundreds of OCD cases around the globe as it is focused on changing thought patterns to alter the obsessive and compulsive behavior itself. Psychotherapy covers the teaching of mechanisms in order to cope with obsessive thought without the need to resort to the OCD ritual., this is done through neutralizing activities.
Most of the individuals that have obsessive compulsive behaviors are often, if not always, faced with social and public criticisms, even in their own family. As the family is considered to be the foremost unit of society which can affect and shape an individual, family therapy is helpful in giving solutions to OCD. Family therapy can help give solution to family conflicts by promoting the right understanding about the nature of such disorder, which can in turn motivate family members help their loved one.
In severe cases of OCD, psychosurgery is being performed. This is when the signs and symptoms of the disorder are now overwhelming and are unresponsive to all other treatment alternatives available. Psychosurgery is a new breakthrough of science in addressing such disorder. Unlike the long been known lobotomy procedure (which is likely to produce unexpected brain damage and memory loss in patients), psychosurgery involves cutting or disabling certain parts of the brain with the use of an electrode. The procedure involves magnetic resonance imaging in order to make sure that only the appropriate and selected brain part is involved during the surgical procedure. Significantly, more than 30% of patients who undergone psychosurgery showed great improvements in their OCD.
Treatment of OCD usually involves medications and therapy. This combination produces better results than either one alone. (Charney, 2005).
Indeed, tranquilizers and antidepressants such as Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) are commonly given in combination with various therapies for the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder.